Breeding for Resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses

Department of Plan Breeding
The main aim of plant breeding is to ensure quantity/quality of crops to respond to the continuous increase of world population. However the genetic potential of crop production are constantly threatened by environmental stresses, including biotic and abiotic factors that reduce crop yield and quality.

Our research group at Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (IAS-CSIC) is focused on the resistance responses of crops, mainly legumes and cereals, to their main environmental constraints to ultimately improve yield performance. These studies are carried out at different levels: 1) molecular including gene, protein, metabolites and signalization pathway studies, 2) cellular, through the microscopic characterization of the resistance mechanisms, 3) plant through physiological studies and 4) crop scale by mean of field assays.

The final aim is the breeding of crops for a more durable resistance against pathogens and tolerance against abiotic stresses, in particular those affecting the Mediterranean area.

COMPONENTES

Diego Rubiales Olmedo

Group head – Research professor

Elena Prats Pérez

Tenured scientist

Nicolas Rispail

Ramón y Cajal UCO researcher

Sara Fondevilla Aparicio

Ramón y Cajal UCO researcher

Eleonora Barilli

JAE-Doc researcher

Juan Moral Moral

Juan De la Cierva researcher

Mª Ángeles Castillejo Sánchez

Postdoctoral researcher

Ángel Villegas Fernández

Postdoctoral researcher

Mustafa Bani

Phd scholar

Thais Aznar Fernández

Phd scholar

Barilli, E., Rubiales, D., & Castillejo, M.A., 2012. Comparative proteomic analysis in BTH and BABA-induced resistance in pea (Pisum sativum) toward infection with pea rust (Uromyces pisi). Journal of Proteomics 75: 5189-5205, IF (2012) 4.09, Ranking 15/75 (Biochem Res Meth), Q1.

Rubiales, D & Fernández-Aparicio, M., 2012. Innovations in parasitic weeds management in legume crops. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 32: 433-449, IF (2012): 3.57, Ranking 4/78 (Agronomy), Q1.

Bani, M., Rubiales, D. & Rispail, N. 2012. A detailed evaluation method to identify sources of quantitative resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. pisi race 2 within a Pisum spp. germplasm collection. Plant Pathology 61: 532-542, IF (2012): 2.73; Ranking: 8/78 (Agronomy), Q1.

Montilla-Bascón, G., Sánchez-Martín, J., Rispail, N., Rubiales, D., Mur, L., Langdon, T., Griffiths, I., Howarth, C. & Prats, E., 2013. Genetic diversity and population structure among oat cultivars and landraces. Plant Mol Biol Rep 31: 1305-1314. IF (2012) 5.32; Ranking 8/75 (Biochem Res Meth), Q1

Sánchez-Martín, J., Mur, L.A.J., Rubiales, D. & Prats, E., 2012. Targeting sources of drought tolerance within an Avena spp. collection through multivariate approaches. Planta 236(5): 1529-45. IF (2012): 3.35, Ranking 28/195 (Plant Sciences), Q1.

Diego Rubiales Olmedo – Profesor de Investigación – Responsable del grupo
 Elena Prats Perez – Cientifico Titular
 Nicolas Rispail – Investigador Ramón y Cajal
 Eleonora Barilli – Investigador Juan de la Cierva
 Juan Moral Moral – Investigador Juan de la Cierva
 Mª Ángeles Castillejo Sánchez – Investigador postdoctoral contratado
 Sara Fondevilla Aparicio – Investigador postdoctoral contratado
 Ángel Villegas – Investigador postdoctoral contratado
 Mustafa Bani – Becario pre-doctoral
 Thaiss Aznar Fernandez – Becaria pre-doctoral
 Ana Moral Jiménez – Técnico de laboratorio